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The uprising of the Georgians

Photo: Sondermeldung Texel - Opstand der Georgiers

The uprising of the Georgians

For five years, Texel had suffered little hinder from the Second World War. Though there was a strong German occupation, bunkers had been built everywhere and a large part of the able-bodied men had been deported to Assen, the true misery of war was not really felt much.DeopstandderGeorgiers_vuurtorenb

Georgian infantry battalion

However, when defeat became clear, the German army command was forced to deploy partial troops. This included a Georgian infantry battalion, who were sent to relieve a similar unit, from the Caucasus, in February 1945. These troops were made up of prisoners of war from the eastern front. The 822nd Georgian battalion consisted of 800 Georgians and 400 Germans.  

Soviet Union

While hundreds of thousands of Russians were dying of starvation and misery in German prisoner of war camps, the Georgians were treated with some kind of benevolence. Georgia was one of the last states to have been annexed by the Soviet Union. It was speculated that the Georgians would be easier to persuade to defect than the Russians.

Because a longer stay in captivity could also end adversely for the Georgians, the Georgians allowed themselves to be used as the enemy’s auxiliary troops. When it looked like the Germans were going to lose the war, the Georgians feared for their future upon their return to their country, but also if the allied forces were to invade.

Revolted

When the time seemed most right, the battalion of Georgians on Texel revolted, hoping that other Russian battalions along the coast would do the same. In the night of April 5 and 6, 1945 they killed the Germans that they had shared quarters with. An estimated four hundred Germans were killed in the socalled Russian War.

Under fire

However, the Georgians were unable to get a hold on two large batteries, which contained only German soldiers. These batteries, located high up in the dunes, and the heavy batteries of Vlieland and Den Helder already started blasting the Georgian battalion, and with them the population of Texel, on April 6. In Den Burg only, hundreds of grenades were fired.

Naturally, the Germans soon sent reinforcements to the island to stop the Georgian revolt. With the occupation of the batteries, these new troops took around five weeks to suppress the uprising of the Georgian battalion, which consisted of around 800 men

Damage to properties

During this fierce battle 565 Georgians, 120 Texel people and around 800 Germans lost their lives. Other sources, however, speak of more than 2,000 Germans killed. The damage to properties on Texel was enormous. Fighting was particularly furious on the Eierland polder. Dozens of farms went up in flames

Advised and assisted

The final stage of the battle was fought around the lighthouse, where several Georgians defended themselves to the limit. When all ties between the rebels were severed, the Germans tried to cleanse the island. Many Texel people advised and assisted the Georgians.The German did surrender themselves completely on the 5th of May, but the war on Texel continude untill May, the 20th. The Georgian uprising is often called "Europe's last battlefield'.

Help from Great Britain

During the Georgian uprising, the lifeboat 'Joan Hodshon' sailed in the dead of night with a full crew to Great Britain to get help. The war, however, had nearly ended and nothing came of any actual British help to the Georgians

 Georgian cemetery

DeopstandderGeorgiers_Russen_begraafplaatsOn the south side of the Hoge Berg, on the Georgian cemetery, a large amount of the killed and executed Georgians have been buried. This cemetery was named after the captain of the Georgian battalion, Loladze. The German victims were initially buried in a part of the general cemetery in Den Burg. In 1949, they found their last resting place on the military cemetery in IJsselsteijn, municipality of Venray, the Netherlands. The 228 surviving Georgians returned to their country.

Georgian cemetery

More information on the Georgian ruprising.

Calendar

  • Trekpaardrijden - De Koog

    Wednesday 24 September 2014 08:00 hour

    Strandrit van drie uur op een trekpaard door de duinen, het bos en over het strand met consumptie. Alleen voor gevorderde ruiters. Reserveren: 06-20097793.

    de Koog

  • Bowlen - De Cocksdorp

    Wednesday 24 September 2014 09:00 hour

    Zin om te bowlen? Dat kan dagelijks vanaf 09.00 uur bij de bowlingbaan in 't Paviljoen van Vakantiepark De Krim. Baanhuur vanaf € 7,50 per uur.

    Vakantiepark De Krim: 't Paviljoen

  • Kaasboerderij Wezenspyk - Den Burg

    Wednesday 24 September 2014 09:30 hour

    Kaasboerderij 'Wezenspyk' is geopend voor bezoek. Maak een rondje over het erf, aai de kalfjes, bekijk de stal, info-ruimtes en kaasmakerij. Winkel open van 9.30-17.00 uur.

    Hoornderweg 29 1791 PM Den Burg

  • De Texelse Bazaar - Den Burg

    Wednesday 24 September 2014 09:30 hour

    De grootste en leukste overdekte markt van Texel.

    Parkstraat 5, 1791 CA, Den Burg

  • Cultuurhistorisch Museum De Waal - De Waal

    Wednesday 24 September 2014 09:45 hour

    In het museum is een nieuwe expositie met het thema "Oogst op Texel". Demonstr. in de smederij vanaf 14.00 u. Veel te zien over schapenteelt, landbouw, vrouwenwerk, brandweer.

    Hogereind 6, De Waal

  • Tandemsprongen en Rondvluchten boven Texel - Den Burg

    Wednesday 24 September 2014 10:00 hour

    Altijd al je grenzen willen verleggen? Maak een tandemsprong boven het prachtige eiland Texel! Maak een rondvlucht met uw gezin en verken het eiland in de lucht!

    Postweg 128, 1795JS, De Cocksdorp

  • TEXELKUNST - De Waal

    Wednesday 24 September 2014 10:00 hour

    Prachtige schilderijen, foto's en souvenirs met als inspiratie het eiland Texel vindt u in het winkel-atelier TEXELKUNST van de Texelse kunstenares Angelina Stiehl.

    Laagwaalderweg 37, 1793 ED, De Waal

  • Molenaars aan het werk bij de Traanroeier in Kaap Skil - Oudeschild

    Wednesday 24 September 2014 10:00 hour

    Van 10-12 uur zijn de molenaars aan het werk bij graanmolen De Traanroeier in Kaap Skil. Als de wind gunstig is wordt de molen in werking gezet.

    Kaap Skil, Museum van Jutters & Zeelui, Heemskerck

  • Huifkartocht Jan Plezier - De Koog

    Wednesday 24 September 2014 10:00 hour

    Huifkartocht Jan Plezier. Wij rijden 3 uur door de duinen, over het strand en als enige door de ongerepte natuur van de Slufter. Incl. verse koffie, Texelse koek. 06-20097793.

    de Koog

  • Hoeden Expositie - Den Burg

    Wednesday 24 September 2014 10:00 hour

    In Expositieruimte Tusse de Banke aan de Groeneplaats exposeren Ina Schrama met 'Deksels Texels' en Els Drijver met 'Hoed zoekt hoofd'. Alle dagen van 10.00 tot 17.00 uur.

    Tusse de Banke aan de Groenplaats in Den Burg

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