Sweet salt marshes salty beaches De Slufter

De Slufter is a unique nature reserve that looks different every day. Several footpaths run through it, but most of De Slufter is managed as a bird breeding and roosting area. Only the southern part is freely accessible.


The Slufter is in open connection with the sea. You can see this beautifully from the viewpoint at the entrance. Originally, the area was intended to be closed off from the sea. The 'Long Dam' was constructed to this end in 1855. During a violent storm, the Lange Dam broke through in three places in 1858. This created De Muy, De Grote Slufter and De Kleine Slufter: three deep channels through which seawater could flow in. De Grote Slufter and De Muy succeeded in closing permanently. De Kleine Slufter was closed again in 1902, 1910 and 1925, but at the beginning of the 20th century it was decided to leave this hole in the dunes open.


During a strong north-westerly storm and spring tide, especially in winter, it is possible that De Slufter fills up completely. In that case, it is not possible to walk there, but from the top of the stairs you have a spectacular view.

Plants and animals

In July and August, De Slufter is coloured purple by blooming sea lavender. This salt marsh plant grows in places that are not flooded by seawater every day. Glasswort also grows well in De Slufter. Glasswort tolerates salt water well, and even needs it.

Waders, gulls and ducks can be found foraging for food on the salt marshes and mudflats. Most of Texel's eider ducks nest in the Slufter. In winter, small songbirds such as snow bunting, warbler and beach lark visit the Slufter. Harrier, rough-legged buzzard and peregrine falcon are also seen there.

Hiking in the Slufter

You can follow a path from the Slufter stairs to the beach. It happens regularly that the paths are boggy or flooded. Boots or waterproof shoes are therefore recommended. On our website, you can download an 11-kilometre walk for free.

By wheelchair

De Slufter is accessible via a wheelchair path. There is a 200-metre mat path in the nature reserve. You cannot reach the beach by wheelchair. You can borrow a beach wheelchair at the Sluftercafé.

Other nature reserves on Texel

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